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Native Grasses

Native and Reclamation Seed

Our native seed experts know this business and work in it every day. Native species are the key to effectively reclaiming areas damaged during construction of roads, golf courses, parks, mining and energy projects. We have the quality control to ensure that our products are the best. We own Canada's largest privately held seed laboratory where our lab technicians are specifically trained and certified to work with our native species product lineup. This is our quality assurance to everyone we work with.

Click on the species name below for more information on that particular variety.

Species:

•Clover     •Vetch      •Alkaligrass     •Bluegrass     •Bromegrass     •Fescues
•Dryland     •Wetland     •Wheatgrass     •Wildrye     •Others

 

Clover 

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height

White Prairie Clover
(Delea candida)

• Native to central Canada
• Attracts pollinators

Tap root Acidic, neutral
and basic
Light sandy
and medium loamy
278,000 24"-36"
Purple Prarie Clover
(Dalea purpureum var. purpureum)

• Flowers attract pollinators
• Highly palatable and nutritious
• Wildlfe like to graze

Tap root Neutral Medium to
moderatly fine
210,000 12"-24"

Vetch

Variety Key Features Groth
Habit
Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
AmericanVetch
(Vicia americana)

• Highly palatable
• Adds Nitrogen to soil

Tap root Neutral to acidic Medium to moderately fine, 33,000 12"-26"
Canada Milkvetch
(Astragalus canandensis)

• Great for bees
• Nitrogen fixer
• Food source for songbirds

Rhizomatous Neutral Medium to moderately fine, moderately course 226,000 12"-40"
Hairy Vetch (Introduced)
(Vicia villosa)

• Introduced species not native
• Fodder vetch
• Nitrogen fixer

Tap root Neutral Sandy clay 20,000 12"-24"

 

Alkaligrass

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
Fults Alkaligrass (Introduced) (Puccinellia distans)

• Introduced species
• Very salt-tolerant

Rhizomatous Basic to neutral Moderately fine, moderately coarse 1,200,000 12"-24"
Inland Saltgrass (Distichlis spicta)

• Useful salt-tolerant native grass
• Nesting grounds for birds

Rhizomatous Saline to alkaline Moderately fine to medium 520,000 12"-24"

Bluegrasses

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
Alpine Bluegrass
(Poa alpina)

• Colonizies disturbances
• Tolerates heavy traffic
• Native to alpine meadows

Bunchgrass Acidic to alkaline Clay soils to well drained gravel 1,000,000 2"-5"
CanadaBluegrass(Introduced)
(Poa compressa) 

•Introduced species
• Sod forming grass
• Stabilizes low fertile soils

Rhizomatous Neutral, acidic, basic Moderately fine to moderately coarse 2,500,000 6"-12"
Fowl Bluegrass
(Poa palustris)

• Native to wet marshlands
• Very vigorous
• Loves slough and dugouts

Bunch to weak sod forming Acidic to neutral Peat soils to clay 3,156,000 12"-24"

Sandberg Bluegrass​ (Poa secunda ssp. Sandbergii)

• Early green up in spring
• Seed in burned areas
• Tolerates cold and drought

Bunchgrass Neutral, basic, acidic Moderately coarse, medium, moderately fine 1,047,000 5"-11"

Bromegrass

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
Fringed Brome
(Bromus ciliatus)

• Excellent for roadside ditches
• Very tolerant of cold

Bunchgrass Neutral, acidic, basic Medium, moderately coarse, moderately fine 236,000 18"36"
Mountain Brome
(Bromus marginatus)

• Rapid seed development
• Ideal root system for stabilizing slopes
• Rated high for elk and mule deer

Bunchgrass Neutral to basic Medium to moderately fine 64,000 24"-36"
Nodding Brome
(Bromus anomalus)

• Preferred forage by elk
• Graceful nodding seedheads

Bunchgrass Neutral to basic Coarse 142,800 5"-12"

Fescues

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
Rocky Mountain Fescue (saximontana)

• Deer resistant
• Low growing habit
• Quick germination

Bunchgrass Neutral to slightly acidic Sandy to well drained loam 1,202,000 3"-6"
Rough Fescue (Foothills) (Festuca campestris)

• Good early spring protein
• Forage for mule deer and big horn sheep

Dense tufted Neutral Moderately coarse, medium to moderately fine 199,000 to 300,000 11"-31"
Rough Fescue (Plains) (Festuca hallii)

• Good early spring protein
• Forage for mule deer and big horn sheep

Tufted & slighty rhizomatous Neutral Medium to heavy textured soils 403,000 8"-18"
Hard Fescue (Introduced) (Festuca trachphylla)

• Introduced species
• Shade tolerant
• Non-invasive
• Dark green color

Bunchgrass Acidic yo neutral Loam to sandy loam 565,000 6"-12"
Sheep Fescue (Introduced)
(Festuca ovina)

• Introduced species
• Shade tolerant more than hard fescue
• Non-invasive
• Dark green color

Bunchgrass Acidic to neutral Loam to gravel 680,000 6"-12"
Idaho Fescue
(Festuca idahoensis)

• Mid season grass
• Grazed by deer
• Grows in a wide variety of soil types

Bunchgrass Neutral, acidic, basic Heavy soils to well drained 450,000 25"+

Dryland

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
Green Needlegrass (Nassella viridula) 

• Good soil stabilizer
• Good seedling vigour
• Very good palatability

Bunchgrass Neutral to basic Medium to coarse 180,000 16"-30"
Needle & Thread Grass
(Hesperostipa comata ssp. comata)

• Characteristics awns
• Very drought tolerant
• Widely adapted to sandy and poor soils

Bunchgrass Neutral to basic Coarse to well drained 115,000 12"-18"
Western Porcupine Grass (Stipa curtiseta)

• Mature awns resemble quills of a porcupine
• Can be grazed before seed heads appear
• Natural tendancy to establish on disturbed sites

Bunchgrass Acidic to alkaline Very dry, poor soils 203,000 12"-18"
Junegrass
(Koeleria macrantha)

• Blue green in colur
• Excellent results stabilizing tailings
• Early spring growth

Bunchgrass Neutral to basic Medium to moderately fine 2,315,400 4"-8"
Prairie Sandreed (Calamovilfa longifolia)

• Great erosion control
• Not salt tolerant
• Sod forming on sandy sites

Rhizomatous Neutral Coarse to moderately coarse 237,000 30"-46"
Sand Dropseed (Sporobolus cryptandrus)

• Long-lived perennial
• Not salt tolerant
• Sod forming on sandy sites

Bunchgrass Saline to alkine Sandy dry 5,298,000 12"-24"
Indian Ricegrass (Achnatherum hymenoides)

• Grows on extreme sites
• Deep root system
• Good soil builder

Bunchgrass Neutral to basic Rocky to sand well drained 141,000 12"-24"
Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

• Warm season species
• Does well in infertile, dry land

Bunch to sod farming Neutral, acidic, basic Moderately coarse to moderately fine 170,000 25"+

Wetland

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
Spike Trisetum
(Trisetum spicatum)

• Does well in Arctic and alpine areas
• Does well in higher elevations
• Good forage value

Bunchgrass Acidic to alkine Coarse to loam 1,800,000 6"-8"
Bluejoint Reedgrass (Calamagrostis canadensis)

• Slow to establish
• Very winter hardy
• Dominant species on disturbed wetland sites

Rhizomatous Neutal to acidic Fine to coarse 2,270,000 23"-46"
Red Top (Introduced) Agrostic gigantean

• Introduced species
• Widely used as a pasture grass
• Germinates very quickly
• Grows well in poor soil

Rhizomatous Acidic to neutral Loam to clay 5,000,000 18"-30"
Beckmans Sloughgrass (Beckmannia syzigachne)

• Grows along shorelines, wet meadows, ditches
• Short lived perennial/annual

Tufted & slightly rhizomatous Neutral, acidic, basic Wet areas 1,150,000 12"-40"
Tickelgrass
(Agrostis scabra)

• Tolertes low pH soil
• Likes wet meadows but also dry open slopes

Bunchgrass acidic to neutral Rocky, infertile, barren 4,000,000 6"-10"
Tufted Hairgrass (Deschampsia caespitosa)

• Grows in wet acidic soils
• Grows in mine tailings and heavy metals/ hydrocarbon

Bunchgrass Acidic Sandy to clay 1,500,000 6"-15"

Wheatgrasses

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
Slender Wheatgrass (Elymus trachycalus)

• Short-lived perennial
• Establishes fairly quickly

Bunchgrass Saline to alkaline Medium 160,000 20"-48"
Awned Wheatgrass
(Elymus Tyrachcaulus ssp. Subsecundus)

•Similar to Slender Wheatgrass but with longer awns and shorter plant

Bunchgrass Saline to alkaline Medium 160,000 20"-48"
Northern Wheatgrass (Elymus lanceolatus ssp. lanceolatus)

• Adapted to a widge range of soil types
• Long-lived perennial

Rhizomatous Alkaline tolerant Sandy medium coarse 154,000 20"-40"
Streambank Wheatgrass (Elymus lanceolatus ssp. psammophilus)

• Similar to Northern Wheatgrass
• Can withstand wetter areas than Northern WG
• Good for stabilization

Rhizomatous Acidic to alkaline Sandy medium coarse to heavier soils 155,000 20"-40"
Western Wheatgrass (Pascopyrum smithii)

• Great salt tolerance
• Can withstand dry periods of drought
• Efficient soil stabilizer

Rhizomatous Acidic to saline alkaline Fine to medium 110,000 18"-36"
Violet Wheatgrass (Agropyron violaceum)

• Extremely winter hardy Wheatgrass
• Similar to Slender Wheatgrass but shorter
​• Grows well at higher elevation

Loosely tufted Acidic to alkaline Coarse to clay 160,000 16"-40"
Bluebunch Wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata ssp. spicata)

• Drought resistant
• Highly fire tolerant
• Great seedling vigour

Bunchgrass Neutral Medium moderately coarse, moderately fine 140,000 18"-36"
Pubescent Wheatgrass (Introduced)
(Intermedium ssp. barbulatum)

• Introduced species
• Similar to intermediate wheatgrass
• Very good drought tolerance

Rhizomatous Alkaline tolerant Medium, moderately coarse, moderately fine 100,000 20"-40"
Fairway Crested Wheatgrass (Introduced) (Agropyron cristatum)

• Introduced species
• Similar to intermediate wheatgrass
• Very good drought tolerance

Bunchgrass Neutral to basic Medium, moderately coarse, moderately fine 265,250 12"-24"
Tall Wheatgrass (Thinopyrum ponticum)

• Introduced species
• Very salt tolerant
• Good flood tolerance

Bunchgrass Saline up to pH 10 Medium, moderately coarse, moderately fine 79,000 25"+

Wildryes

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
Canada Wildrye
(Elymus canadensis)

• Quick establishing
• Short-lived perennial
• Good in moist disturbed sites

Bunchgrass Neutral to alkine Sandy coarse to fine 115,000 28"-60"
Smooth / Blue Wildrye
(Elymus glaucus)

• Quick germination
• Fairlu drought tolerant

Bunchgrass Neutral to acidic Moderately coarse to moderately fine 134,500 16"-36"
Hairy Wildrye
(Elymus innovatus)

• Colonzies distrubed areas rapidly
• Good sand binder
• Spreading root system

Rhizomatous Acidic to neutral Fine to coarse 175,500 16"-36"

Others

Variety Key Features Groth Habit Soil pH Soil Type Approx. Seeds/lb Canopy Mature Height
Big Blue Stem (Andropogon gracilis)

• Warm season native
​• Likes moist soils
• Grows very tall

Rhizomatous Neutral, basic, acidic Moderately coarse, moderately fine 130,000 25"+
Blue Grama
(Boutelaua gracilis)

• Warm season native
• Likes moist soils
• Grows very tall

Rhizomatous Basic to neutral Loam to clay loam 800,000 6"-8"
Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)

• Warm season native
• Grows well on slopes
• In fall, turns a beautiful red color

Bunchgrass Neutral, basic, acidic Medium, coarse, moderately fine 260,000 12"-24"
Side Oats Grama (Boutelaua curtipendula)

• Warm season native
• Short lived
• Deep rooted

Rhizomatous (slightly) Moderate to alkaline Medium, fine textured, well drained 191,000 12"-24"
Switchgrass
(Panicum virgatum)

• Warm season perennial
• Grows very tall​ panic grass

Rhizomatous Acidic, basic, neutral Fine to coarse 175,000 16"-36"
Knotted Rush
(Elymus innovatus)

• Loves wet areas
• Most active in spring and fall when temperatures are cooler

Rhizomatous Neutral to acidic Wet, wer mesic 29,600,000 24"